YOUR literacy block should provide a balanced program of literacy instruction including the following teaching/learning approaches to support reading and writing. You need to be incorporating both reading and writing opportunities into YOUR Literacy Blocks. Read through the following to support YOUR planning. Please contact Marianne Gadsby for support if needed.
THE AIM OF THE READING AND WRITING LITERACY BLOCKS
The aim of the reading program is to support students to become proficient at using a range of strategies to solve words and to comprehend the text. Word recognition (including high frequency words), translation of letter to sound (letter to sound knowledge), word solving actions, comprehension strategies (including knowledge around text purpose, text types and author intent) and fluency are essential when reading.
The aim of the writing program is to support students to become proficient at using a range of strategies to record and craft/design texts. Handwriting, spelling knowledge, phonic knowledge, phonological knowledge (including phonemic awareness), knowledge of the conventions of grammar and the strategic use of punctuation are essential when recording. Generating ideas, understanding text types and structures (including text purpose and audience), knowledge of authorial techniques and the writing process (pre-writing, drafting, reviewing, revising, editing, proof reading) are required when designing/crafting.
YOUR literacy program should be comprehensive and balanced, supporting students to understand the relationship that exists between oral language, reading and writing. In addition to developing proficient readers, the reading program should support students to become better authors of text, while the writing program should support students to become better readers. Recognising and using knowledge of this reciprocity is important. Plan your Literacy Blocks to support your students to have improved outcomes.
Essential Reading Components
occurs when an expert reader reads a difficult text to less experienced readers, enabling the experienced reader to model how effective readers sound, solve and think about texts when reading
The “think aloud” strategy is used strategically by the expert reader to model thinking and problem solving actions.
occurs when an expert reader reads a difficult text to less experienced readers for the purposes of:
building a community of readers,
creating shared experiences between students,
exposing students to new ideas, story lines, characters and contexts,
exposing students to new vocabulary, text and language structures,
building a love of reading.
Shared Reading occurs when an expert reader reads a difficult text and students follow the words with their eyes
provides opportunities for the experienced reader to explicitly teach or demonstrate a strategy or strategic action
enables the teacher to use the same text for multiple teaching purposes
provides opportunities for students to join in with the expert reader to read a hard level text
involves reading to, with and by students.
Guided Reading occurs when a teacher differentiates reading instruction to suit the needs of learners
enables a teacher to select a text which matches the specific needs of a small group of students
enables a teacher to support the small group of students to apply problem solving actions in order to solve the text
provides opportunities for all students to independently problem solve the text
provides opportunities for a teacher to revisit the text for particular teaching purposes and monitor student progress
Guided Reading/Reciprocal Teaching
occurs when a small group of students work cooperatively to independently problem solve an instructional level text
supports students using the framework
is not an instructional approach
occurs when students independently read easy or familiar texts
enables students to build stamina and apply problem solving actions with greater efficiency and accuracy
Reading stamina is the ability to read for an extended period of time without requiring adult supervision to maintain attention.
Reading stamina builds the reader’s capacity to focus attention on the text without trying to concentrate, or feeling they are making a significant effort.
The ability to re-engage with the text following an interruption or distraction and to get lost in the ideas without thinking about time should result.
Literature Circles is a small group collaborative approach which supports and scaffolds students to apply comprehension strategies to longer (usually narrative) texts
enables students to work together in small, mixed ability discussion groups focused around the reading of a text or section of a text
provides supports for students in the form of “role cards” which prompt students within groups to take on particular roles for the discussion (e.g. summariser, connector, predictor, etc.)
occurs when students are paired with a member of their own cohort (same or similar age)
occurs when students are paired across year levels (experienced, older reader with younger, less experienced reader)
Essential Writing Components
occurs when an expert writer demonstrates the crafting and recording of a text, enabling the experienced writer to model how effective writers formulate ideas, translate ideas to text, construct sentences, apply vocabulary, spelling, punctuation and text type knowledge
The “think aloud” strategy is used strategically by the expert writer to highlight the thinking and problem solving actions undertaken.
occurs when an expert writer jointly constructs a text with a group of less experienced writers
the expert records the text which is a collaboration of ideas
the expert prompts less experienced writers to recall and apply writing knowledge
occurs when a teacher differentiates writing instruction to suit the needs of learners
enables a teacher to work with a small group of students with a common writing need, providing support and scaffolding as required by the group
provides students with the opportunity to learn writing skills in context and by constructing and recording their own texts
occurs when students are engaged in (initially brief) timed writing tasks on a variety of topics and across a range of text types over time
is not an instructional approach
occurs when students independently construct and record texts
enables students to develop writing stamina and apply writing skills with greater speed and accuracy
occurs when an expert writer jointly constructs a text with a small group of less experienced writers with a common writing need/s
the adult and students work together, taking turns to record aspects of the shared text (on a whiteboard, blackboard, butchers’ paper or IWB)
the expert prompts less experienced writers to recall and apply writing knowledge to record the text
is a brief, focused oral language mini-lesson around a central theme or idea (shared experience such as an excursion/sports day, a stimulus picture or item, book, etc.)
the experienced language user uses the shared experience to build vocabulary, language and text structures, topic knowledge, general knowledge, speaking and listening skills